Home World View Remembering Nepal: The Day the Earth Shook

Remembering Nepal: The Day the Earth Shook

Nepal
Nepal
Picture Credit – Sean Sheridan

In 2015, Nepal was rocked by a devastating earthquake, also called Gorkha earthquake that struck near the city of Kathmandu in central Nepal. About 9,000 people were killed, many thousands more were injured and more than 600,000 structures in Kathmandu and other nearby towns were either damaged or destroyed. The earthquake was felt throughout central and eastern Nepal, Ganges River plain in northern India, and northwestern Bangladesh, as well as in the southern parts of the Plateau of Tibet and western Bhutan.

Its epicenter was about 21 miles (34 km) east-southeast of Lamjung and 48 miles (77 km) northwest of Kathmandu, and its focus was 9.3 miles (about 15 km) underground. Two large aftershocks, with magnitudes 6.6 and 6.7, were reported soon after within one hour of the main quake. Several dozen smaller aftershocks occurred in the region during the succeeding days.

According to a panel study by Mercy Corps, the aftermath of the 2015 earthquake was complicated by subsequent environmental and economic shocks and stresses. “Most households experienced several shocks in the year following the earthquake, which may explain why households were unable to rebuild their homes and recover their livelihoods at this time. Households also experienced sharp increases in food prices both years after the earthquake, which may have influenced decreases in food security two years post-earthquake,” according to the report.

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Early on 25 April, a 7.9 magnitude earthquake struck in Nepal, causing widespread devastation and loss of life. The disaster is being called the worst to hit the country since 1934. These images show some of the damage in Kathmandu valley.

 

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Nearly 70 percent of the affected people still live in temporary shelters, and it is common to see damaged houses, temples without roofs.

 

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The April and May 2015 earthquakes affected about 2,900 heritage structures with cultural and religious value within the Kathmandu Valley as well as in the north-western region of Nepal.

 

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These images show some of the damage in Sankhu, a particularly badly affected town in northwestern Nepal.

 

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Indian Army aviation helicopters reached out to far flung areas to deliver necessary relief material and the medical teams worked around the clock attending to the needy.

 

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Operation Maitri (Operation Amity) was a rescue and relief operation in Nepal by the government of India and Indian armed forces in the aftermath of the April 2015 Nepal earthquake. India decided to donate USD 1 billion in cash and materials to Nepal for rebuilding the country.

 

(With Inputs from Britannica)

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