Beginning with the Arab spring protests in 2011, which then lead to the civil war, foreign military intervention and death of Muammal Gaddafi. The Libya crisis is the humanitarian crisis and political military instability in Libya. The crisis has led to tens of thousands of causalities. Two civil wars ultimately led to the collapse of oil industry.
How it started?
Libya’s conflict goes back a decade as local groups took different positions in the NATO-backed uprising that overturned Muammar Gaddafi. The democratic transition took a U turn when armed groups took over the situation.
In 2014, after a Battle of Tripoli, a parallel government and institution were built on the east side of the country. Khalifa Haftar was recognised as their army chief and campaigned against the Islamist group. Haftar organised his under the name Libya National Army and took control over the south in 2019.
After the collapse of Haftar, UN selected 75 Libyans to put a political framework in place. A three- man presidency council was formed with Mohammed-al-Menfi as the head and Abdulhamid Dbeibehas the Prime Minister.
The framework under UN has called for unification under Menfi which seems like an impossible work under the current situation. There will be a confrontation with Haftar for sure, but till now the presidency council has avoided to take control over the armed forces.
In the west, groups still continue to put force and control over the local areas and even state institution. The situation in the east also remains to be the same. The Mercenary positioned in the country remain ingrained in Sirte and Jufra. Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh reopened the road in the coastal road across the frozen front line, as a part to resolve the violence. Even after all these events, the Parliament has disapproved and blocked Dbeibeh’s proposed budget.
Representatives of Libya’s Government will join US Secretary of State Antony Blinken as well as Foreign Minister of France and Egypt. This meeting comes in hand to establish peaceful path towards general election on December 24. This will be the first election in seven years.
The second Berlin summit is a very big opportunity. There is a need to improve the lives of the agony of displaced people. The political efforts must be devoted to improve the lives of the Libyan communities and promote human rights. Stability can be only achieved if the lives of the ordinary people are bettered.